Breast cancer is a
malignant growth that begins in the tissues of the
breast. Over the course of a lifetime, one in eight
women will be diagnosed with breast cancer.
Yet there's more reason for optimism with regard to breast cancer than ever before. Great strides have been made in diagnosis and treatment in the last 25 years. In 1975 a diagnosis of breast cancer usually meant radical mastectomy - removal of the entire breast along with underarm lymph nodes and skin and muscles underneath the breast. Today, radical mastectomy is rarely performed. Instead, there are more and better treatment options, and many women are candidates for breast-sparing operations, such as lumpectomy.
Emphasis is also being placed on early detection, lifestyle changes and therapies such as tamoxifen that may reduce the risk of breast cancer. In addition, a growing network of agencies and resources exist to help those who have just received a diagnosis, are facing treatment decisions or are living with breast cancer.
It affect the most
The risk of breast cancer increases with increasing age, mostly among females.
Breast Cancer progress
Usually an excess of estrogen stimulates the growth of the tumor.
Causes of Breast Cancer
The causes are
The symptoms are
The international TNM
classification is recognized for staging:
The tests conducted are
Treatment Depends on: TNM stage
Management of pain through
Prognosis is good, if early diagnosis is followed by prompt radical cure. Prognosis worsens with increasing stage of the cancer.
The disease can be prevented through regular self-examination of breasts for lump. If there exists a positive family history of breast cancer then regular mammography should be conducted after the age of 30 years.
Important things one should know about Breast Cancer
One needs to know about the complementary therapies that can help in the healing process