A personality disorder in which there is a marked tendency to act impulsively without consideration of the consequences, together with affective instability. The ability to plan ahead may be minimal, and outbursts of intense anger may often lead to violence or "behavioural explosions"; these are easily precipitated when impulsive acts are criticized or thwarted by others. Two variants of this personality disorder are specified, and both share this general theme of impulsiveness and lack of self-control.
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious emotional disturbance that's characterized by disappointing and unstable personal relationships, intense anger, feelings of emptiness, and fears of abandonment - real or imagined.
It's one of several types of personality disorders, all of which reflect an inability to accept the demands and the limitations of the outside world. These disorders may regularly interfere with your behavior and your interactions with family, friends or co-workers. Among the other personality disorders are paranoid personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder and narcissistic personality disorder.
People with BPD have an enormous need for love and a terrible fear of closeness. They have disturbed thinking and are constantly in a state of emotional turmoil. They're calm and rational at times, but they may explode into inappropriate anger or rage at some perceived rejection or criticism.
Borderline personality disorder is more common than other perhaps better-known mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. BPD is most common in young women. Treatment consists of psychotherapy and medications.
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